Fed Works With Prosecutors On Iran, Other Sanction Issues

August 7, 2012

Bloomberg on August 7, 2012 released the following:

“By Craig Torres

Federal Reserve Board spokeswoman Barbara Hagenbaugh said the central bank is working with prosecutors and the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control “on matters involving Iran and other sanctioned entities.”

“We cannot comment on ongoing investigations,” Hagenbaugh said by telephone. Hagenbaugh was responding to a query about accusations that Standard Chartered Plc violated U.S. money- laundering laws over its dealings with Iranian banks.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
OFAC SDN Removal Videos:

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To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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U.S. eases Myanmar sanctions to boost NGO projects

April 18, 2012

Chicago Tribune on April 17, 2012 released the following:

“Reuters

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. Treasury on Tuesday relaxed sanctions on Myanmar to permit financial transactions to support certain humanitarian and development projects in the country as it moves ahead with democratic reforms after decades of military rule.

The Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control issued a general license authorizing financial transactions for a range of not-for-profit projects and programs in areas such as good governance, health, education and sport.

“We are taking this step today to support a broader range of not-for-profit activity in Burma by private U.S. organizations and individuals to promote increased cooperation between the Burmese and the American people,” a senior Treasury Department official said.

The Obama administration announced this month that it planned to gradually ease certain sanctions on Myanmar, steps that could eventually see bans lifted on U.S. companies investing in or offering financial services to the resource-rich Southeast Asian nation.

The move on sanctions follows a dramatic series of reforms in Myanmar, where Nobel Peace Prize laureate and pro-democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi won a seat in a parliamentary by-election this month that yielded a landslide victory for her party.

“These (steps) were action for action in response to what we viewed as very positive parliamentary elections,” State Department spokesman Mark Toner told a news briefing, adding that additional measures would be forthcoming.

The Treasury’s announcement marked the first of a planned series of modest steps to unravel the complex web of U.S. sanctions that have contributed to the country’s isolation and driven it closer to its powerful neighbor, China.

The United States has said it will name an ambassador to Myanmar after an absence of two decades, set up an office of the U.S. Agency for International Development there and support a regular U.N. Development Program operation in the country.

Future steps to ease sanctions could eventually open the door to U.S. investment in Myanmar’s agriculture, tourism, telecommunications and banking sectors, U.S. officials say.

But U.S. officials say they want to see clear evidence of further reforms, including the release of all political prisoners, concrete steps toward national reconciliation, especially with ethnic groups that say they have long been oppressed by the central government, and an end to any military ties to North Korea.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, in a statement marking Myanmar’s New Year Water Festival on Tuesday, said the last year had seen the country embark “on a historic new path toward democracy and economic development.”

“We look forward to deepening cooperation on a wide range of issues that promote democratization and national reconciliation, from increasing access to education to expanding health care and encouraging a vibrant civil society,” she said.

Pro-democracy advocates have urged the United States to move cautiously, saying sanctions are an important tool to maintain pressure on Myanmar’s government to follow through on pledges of greater democratic openness.

“We need to carefully utilize the sanctions we have by gradually easing them. Major sanctions … should be the last ones to touch,” said Aung Din, president of the U.S. Campaign for Burma.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
OFAC SDN Removal Videos:

OFAC Litigation – SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN Removal Attorneys

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To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition and OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.


How U.S. sanctions hurt Iranian Internet activists

March 23, 2012

CNet on March 21, 2012 released the following:

“In 1997, President Clinton signed an executive order creating an electronic embargo against Iran. It’s still in effect today — and causing headaches and hassles for Internet companies.

by Declan McCullagh

analysis President Bill Clinton’s 1997 electronic embargo against Iran, which curbed its citizens’ access to U.S.-based software and Web sites, continues to create legal hassles for American Web companies.

In August 1997, Clinton signed an executive order saying U.S. companies and individuals could not provide “goods, technology, or services to Iran” — a decree that led to unintended consequences such as Utah-based Bluehost giving the boot to Iranian bloggers and opensource software site SourceForge.net denying access to Iranians.

The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s announcement yesterday, which was designed to complement President Obama’s statement marking the Iranian New Year and comes as advocates of war against Iran are redoubling their efforts, may not be that much help.

Treasury says these forms of “services and software” can be made available to Iran:

Personal Communications (e.g., Yahoo Messenger, Google Talk, Microsoft Live, Skype (non-fee based))
Updates to Personal Communications Software
Personal Data Storage (e.g., Dropbox)
Browsers/Updates (e.g., Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer)
Plug-ins (e.g., Flashplayer, Shockwave, Java)
Document Readers (e.g., Acrobat Readers)
Free Mobile Apps Related to Personal Communications
RSS Feed Readers and Aggregators (e.g., Google Feed Burner).

But Treasury spokesman John Sullivan downplayed the significance of yesterday’s news. The “announcement was a clarification of existing guidance,” Sullivan told CNET in e-mail. “It did not change the guidelines.”

The problem is that the existing guidelines — last liberalized in March 2010 — are still pretty restrictive.

One example: even after that modest liberalization, Google restricts Iranians’ access to the Android Market, now called Google Play. In response to a question at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona last month, Google executive chairman Eric Schmidt blamed Treasury regulations.

“I’m with you,” Schmidt said. “But prison–there’s no bandwidth.”

After the 2010 liberalization, Google did announce that “we’re making Google Earth, Picasa, and Chrome available for download in Iran.” (A Google representative declined to elaborate when contacted by CNET.)

But Iranian Internet users remain, understandably, peeved that the other restrictions imposed by the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, or OFAC, continue to exist.

They’ve started a petition saying they’re denied access to the Android Market, among other products. We “do not have the slightest interest in the governments’ political stances,” the petition says. “We just want to be able to use the software like any other person in the world.”

The irony: Clinton’s anti-Iran order in the 1990s presumably was never meant to restrict access to security software and Web sites that can aid Iranian activists agitating for a freer society. Yet it does. A 2010 article in Foreign Affairs called the current rules “grossly outdated.” (A newer set of U.S. sanctions against Iran, restricting financial transactions, is also causing unintended consequences for everyone from drug maker Merck to a Redmond, Wa.-based diaper maker.)

Collin Anderson, an independent researcher in North Dakota who focuses on Internet filtering and censorship in the Middle East, has compiled a list of U.S.-based technology products that remain unavailable to Iranians. Among them: Apple’s iOS app store, McAfee’s antivirus software, Oracle’s Java and MySQL, Adobe’s Acrobat Reader, DropBox, Real Player, Google AdWords, and Google Android Market.

After yesterday’s list from OFAC that mentions some of those products by name, the list of off-limits apps is likely to shrink. But Anderson notes that OFAC has not authorized some very useful products and services including antivirus applications, privacy-protective VPNs, the ability to buy domain names and SSL certificates, satellite connectivity, and phone or other mobile hardware. VPNs would be especially useful in a country like Iran, which has demonstrated an extraordinary willingness to conduct surveillance of its citizens.

“There are allowances on food and medical supplies that could be modeled for hardware or others, but the executive agencies have been quite evidently afraid of members of Congress like Mark Kirk,” Anderson says. Sen. Mark Kirk, an Illinois Republican who holds President Obama’s old seat, has been leading the charge to cripple Iran’s economy on suspicions it’s developing nuclear weapons.

Another limitation is that other countries may not benefit; even though the Treasury Department’s OFAC may be edging toward a more liberal approach, Commerce Department regulations still target democracy activists in Syria, where a near-civil war continues. Similarly, downloads of Google Earth are banned for Sudan.

“Restrictions from the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security still appear to prevent communications tools and services from being exported to Syrians without a license,” Electronic Frontier Foundation attorneys Cindy Cohn and Jillian York write in an essay. “Because of these restrictions, Syrians still cannot access Google products Chrome and Earth, cannot download Java, among various other tools, and cannot use hosting services like Rackspace, SuperGreenHosting and others.”

The unintended consequences of these electronic sanctions aren’t exactly new. In 2003, OFAC sent Monster.com legal guidance that caused it to censor resumes from its users that mentioned Iran, Syria, Sudan, Myanmar, Cuba, and Libya. Back in 1996, citing the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act, a U.S. government official quietly pulled the plug on Iran’s Internet connection.

In theory, neither Treasury’s OFAC nor Commerce’s BIS probably have the authority to interfere with Web communications. The so-called 1988 Berman Amendment to federal law stripped the president of his authority to “directly or indirectly” regulate the export of “information and informational materials.”

But in reality, bureaucrats aren’t known to relinquish power readily. And while President Obama has been willing to record YouTube videos on the free flow of information, he has yet to reverse his predecessor’s decision. Which means that Clinton’s 1997 embargo, which claimed Iran posed an “unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States,” has forced Iranians and Syrians to remain second-class Internet citizens.

Update March 22 at 9:40 a.m. PT: I received e-mail from Treasury’s John Sullivan elaborating on his earlier response, which he said was brief because he was traveling in the Middle East. Sullivan’s elaboration this morning, referring to this week’s OFAC announcement, said: “It was a significant step that was in line with the president’s message and clarified the guidance for companies exporting information technology to Iran which is quite important as some companies were reluctant to do so in the past.””

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
OFAC SDN Removal Videos:

OFAC Litigation – SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN Removal Attorneys

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition and OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.