Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferators [NPWMD] Entries Added to OFAC’s SDN List on May 10, 2013

May 10, 2013
OFAC - Office of Foreign Assets Control
OFAC – Office of Foreign Assets Control
(Source: Treasury.gov)

Today, OFAC has added [NPWMD] Entries to the Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN List):

The following [NPWMD] entries have been added to OFAC’s SDN List list:

CHANG, Tony (a.k.a. CHANG, Wen-Fu; a.k.a. ZHANG, Wen-Fu); DOB 01 Apr 1965; nationality Taiwan; Passport 211606395 (Taiwan) (individual) [NPWMD].

CHANG, Wen-Fu (a.k.a. CHANG, Tony; a.k.a. ZHANG, Wen-Fu); DOB 01 Apr 1965; nationality Taiwan; Passport 211606395 (Taiwan) (individual) [NPWMD].

FENG SHENG CO., LTD. (a.k.a. TRANS MULTI MECHANICS CO. LTD.), 19, Chin Ho Lane, Chung Cheng Rd., Taya District, Taichung City, Taiwan; No 19, Jinhe Lane, Zhongzheng Road, Daya District, Taichung City, Taiwan [NPWMD].

TRANS MULTI MECHANICS CO. LTD. (a.k.a. FENG SHENG CO., LTD.), 19, Chin Ho Lane Chung Cheng Rd., Taya District, Taichung City, Taiwan; No 19, Jinhe Lane, Zhongzheng Road, Daya District, Taichung City, Taiwan [NPWMD].

ZHANG, Wen-Fu (a.k.a. CHANG, Tony; a.k.a. CHANG, Wen-Fu); DOB 01 Apr 1965; nationality Taiwan; Passport 211606395 (Taiwan) (individual) [NPWMD].”

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Treasury Sanctions Taiwan Proliferators Linked to North Korea

5/10/2013

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Department of the Treasury today designated one Taiwan entity and one Taiwan individual pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13382, an authority aimed at freezing the assets of proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their supporters. Trans Multi Mechanics Co. Ltd. and Chang Wen-Fu were designated for their links to a North Korean procurement agent, Alex H.T. Tsai. Alex Tsai and his son, Yueh-Hsun Tsai, were recently arrested in Estonia and the United States, respectively, and each was charged in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, pursuant to criminal complaints unsealed on May 1, 2013, with conspiring to defraud the United States in its enforcement of laws and regulations prohibiting the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

“It is essential that we continue to make it as difficult as possible for North Korea to facilitate its nuclear and ballistic missile programs by exposing key cogs in North Korea’s procurement network,” said Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen. “We will continue to work with our partners in Federal law enforcement and our friends around the world to expose anyone assisting the North Korean government’s illicit procurement activities.”

Alex Tsai was designated by the Treasury Department on January 16, 2009 for providing support to North Korea’s premier arms dealer, Korea Mining Development Trading Corporation (KOMID), which was listed in the Annex to E.O. 13382 and designated at the United Nations in April 2009. Tsai’s wife, Lu-chi Su, and two companies Tsai controlled, Global Interface Company and Trans Merits Co. Ltd. were also designated by Treasury in January 2009.

Chang Wen-Fu has been identified as the CEO and general manager of Trans Multi Mechanics Co. Ltd. and has been actively involved in the procurement of dual-use machinery for North Korea. Alex Tsai has used Trans Multi Mechanics Co. Ltd. to procure and ship hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of equipment to North Korea and to negotiate contracts on behalf of North Korean parties.

Trans Multi Mechanics Co. Ltd. was further alleged to have been involved in some of the purchases which resulted in the charges against Alex Tsai and his son. Based on the Tsai family’s support for KOMID, these actions are consistent with U.S. implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2094, which requires Member States to sanction any individual or entity acting for or on behalf of a UN-designated individual or entity.

U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in any transactions with the entities listed today, and any assets those entities may have subject to U.S. jurisdiction are frozen.

Identifying information:

Name: Trans Multi Mechanics Co. Ltd.

AKA: Feng Sheng Co., Ltd.

Location: 19, Chin Ho Lane, Chung Cheng Rd., Taya District, Taichung City, Taiwan

Alt. Location: No 19, Jinhe Lane, Zhongzheng Road, Daya District, Taichung City, Taiwan

Name: Chang Wen-Fu

AKA: Tony Chang

AKA: Zhang Wen-Fu

DOB: April 01, 1965

Nationality/Passport Issuing Authority: Taiwan

Passport Number: 211606395 (Taiwan)”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
OFAC SDN Removal Videos:

OFAC Litigation – SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN Removal Attorneys

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To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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Enforcing existing sanctions on Iran

November 6, 2011

The Washington Times on November 4, 2011 released the following:

By Avi Jorisch -The Washington Times

“U.S. empowered to crack down on business with regime’s central bank

In recent years, the United States has imposed a punishing sanctions regime on Iran’s banking sector. To further increase Tehran’s level of financial pain, a great number of congressional and advocacy groups have repeatedly called on the White House to blacklist the Central Bank of Iran (CBI). Doing so, the thinking goes, would seriously hamper the Islamic republic’s ability to abuse international markets in its pursuit of nuclear weapons. Yet unbeknownst to most lawmakers and Washington policymakers, the U.S. Treasury actually hasblacklisted the CBI, and not once, but twice in recent years. The real question is why the U.S. government has not enforced its own sanctions regime.

The CBI has been accused of helping fund Iran’s nuclear weapons program, facilitate money transfers to terrorist organizations and proliferate weapons of mass destruction. The Treasury Department has publicly declared that between 2001 and 2006, the CBI facilitated a $50 million payment for Hezbollah. Treasury also has disclosed that the bank engaged in “deceptive practices,” including helping Iran’s Sepah and Melli banks, two financial institutions blacklisted by the United Nations, the European Union and United States for their role in facilitating illicit international transactions.

The United States maintains a number of “blacklists” sponsored by different agencies, including but not limited to the Departments of State, Treasury and Commerce. The Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list is a broad compilation of persons and entities – a “list of lists” – administered by Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). Those on the SDN list include not only persons and entities involved in terrorism, but also weapons proliferators, drug traffickers and those designated under country-specific sanctions programs.

Today, the SDN list has more than 6,000 entries, includingthe Central Bank of Iran. Unless specifically exempted, all U.S. persons and entities must block any property in which an SDN has an interest and report the action to OFAC. Blocked property may not be “transferred, withdrawn, exported, paid, or otherwise dealt in” without prior authorization from OFAC. If OFAC thinks a person or institution has violated the law, it has several options at its disposal, including cease-and-desist orders, civil penalties, suspension or revocation of licenses, and criminal charges.

The Treasury Department’s Web page clearly shows that the Central Bank of Iran appears on the SDN list of June 16, 2010, under the Iran country sanctions program. Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network also took action against the CBI; in March 2008, it issued a banking advisory that fingered the bank for the “money laundering threat involving illicit Iranian activity.”

Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner recently wrote to Congressthat “all options to increase the financial pressure on Iran are on the table, including the possibility of imposing additional sanctions against the CBI.” But the United States does not need new sanctions; it just needs to implement the existing regime, which could be a very potent tool for pursuing Iranian financial activity around the globe.

At this point, concerned parties should advocate a number of measures. The United States should ask banks that provide services of any kind to the Central Bank of Iran to cease doing so immediately. If they refuse to comply, the U.S. government should take immediate legal action in accordance with the PATRIOT Act and the U.S. Code, Title 18, Section 981, freezing any U.S.-based assets they hold and blocking their access to American markets.

Moving against the Central Bank would necessitate indirect action because the bank does not appear to possess assets in America. However, the U.S. government does have the power to freeze the funds deposited in a foreign bank on behalf of the Central Bank if the foreign bank maintains an account (known as an “interbank” or “correspondent account”) at a U.S. financial institution or has actual operations or property in the United States.

Washington should begin implementing the SDN as soon as possible. At a minimum, Treasury should designate one or a number of the biggest offenders among those engaging in business transactions with Iran’s Central Bank. This would likely cause many, if not most, of the companies and banks currently doing business with, or on behalf of, the Central Bank to cut their ties.

Policymakers in Washington are now keenly interested in imposing greater financial costs on the Iranian regime in an effort to derail its nuclear program. To do so, the need to target Iran’s Central Bank should be readily apparent. So, too, should the fact that levying real pressure on Iran’s most important economic construct is simply a matter of enacting already-existing restrictions and penalties. The Obama administration should do so without delay.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
OFAC SDN Removal Videos:

OFAC Litigation – SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN List Removal

OFAC SDN Removal Attorneys

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition and OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal.

The author of this blog is Douglas McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.